Grid Connected Industrial Waste to Energy Projects -
In Maharashtra, the major industries producing wastes, which have high potential for energy generation, include distilleries, sugarcane press mud, dairy industry waste, paper & pulp, poultry, abattoir etc. The gross estimation of power potential from industrial wastes is 350 MW. This potential is described in the “MEDA 2012 Perspective Plan” by Tata Energy Research Institute, New Delhi (TERI).
Waste generation due to domestic, commercial and industrial activities is not a new thing. It was not considered a problem just a few decades ago since it was manageable.
The post industrial revolution era saw rapid urbanization and industrialization resulting in large-scale waste generation concentrated at certain urban centers.
Large quantities of inorganic degradable waste along with organic degradable waste are being generated from the industries in the state. Disposal in the open of these types of waste from industries causes damage to environment. Hence, the Government has decided to give encouragement to some extent to power generation from these wastes.
In this context, GoM has been included Industrial waste based power projects as source in the “Comprehensive policy for grid-connected power projects based on new and renewable energy sources-2015 dated 20th July 2015.”
Under this policy the organic degradable and inorganic degradable waste are included for power generation. Such power projects can be developed as per appropriate technology; and independent power generation projects can be developed.
A target of 200 MW has been fixed under this Policy. Organic degradable and in-organic degradable types of waste have been included and policy benefits are as follows -
- Reimbursement towards expenses incurred on evacuation arrangement maximum upto Rs. 1 Cr/ project after commissioning the project.
- Electricity Duty – exempted for captive consumption upto 10 years from date of commissioning.
Recent technological advances have proven that waste-to-energy projects are commercially viable. The various technology which are available for energy recovery from waste are incineration, refused derived fuel (RDF), anaerobic digestion, landfill gas, pyrolysis and gasification.
MERC will determine tariff for Waste to Energy Power Projects on case to case basis as per MERC order (case no 45 of 2016) dated 29th April, 2016.